Classic Studio Photography Basics
There is something about classic studio photography that excites artists differently than shooting on location. Sure, you get the thrill and excitement of shooting in different settings. You are challenged by external factors that a photographer needs to cope with when not in the comforts of his studio. But there is something quite poignant about shooting in a set, with lighting all under your control. You are not of merely taking a picture of what is happening around. Studio photography compels you to “make” a picture within the still and quiet of your own canvas.
Where it all began
Studio photography dates back to the 19th century with the invention of the very first camera. Ingenuity brought it through its initial hurdles, especially with the issue of lighting. It flourished into the 1940s where it had completely ousted paintings in the production of portraits.
Studio photography was highly preferred due to the speed of the process. What usually took up to ten hours to paint at the discomfort of the subject and the artist, now only took minutes to achieve. It was no surprise at all that the enterprise grew in lightning speed. Studios soon began mushrooming throughout the country.
The greatest challenge with studio photography was always lighting. Unlike the challenge of experimenting with lighting, diffusion, and angles that photographers face today, the original dilemma in those early days of photography was the production of light itself. That is because illumination has always been a requirement when shooting indoors. From flash powder to dangerous hot lights to flashlights, the evolution of photographic lighting astoundingly portrayed how determined early photographers were to make classic studio photography work.
Why shoot in a studio
When it comes to making portraits -whether it is of people, products, or animals -classic studio photography is often the best choice. This can be attested by the fact that most of the photographic ads we see, and even family portraits are done in these studios.
There are several reasons why many photographers like shooting in a studio:
The ability to play with colors and light is one of the greatest perks when shooting inside a studio. A photographer can dictate exactly how much light a portrait needs, its intensity, and the angle from which it hits the subject.
In an outside setting, this is nearly impossible as external lights, especially sunlight, can disrupt the photographer’s desired lighting effect. Having this level of full control with classic studio photography allows the artist to achieve the exact aimed for effect. You are not likely to encounter the imperfections that one may find in a location shoot.
Most of the time, renting a studio is a lot less expensive than renting an actual location for a shoot. Also, traveling to locations can take up a chunk of the budget that could have been saved or used for props or costumes instead.
On top of that, the people involved in the shoot also save a lot of time. Oftentimes, studios are easily accessible and the shoot can readily take place upon arrival with only a minimal amount of set-up time.
Privacy and Security
This is especially helpful when shooting celebrities or popular persons who might attract unwanted attention when shooting in public.
However, for private individuals, this can be a welcome convenience as well. Since they are shooting in a private area, they are away from the prying eye of the public, and they are more likely to be more comfortable and be their best selves.
Aside from the accessibility of the studio itself in terms of location, materials and technology are also much more accessible in a studio as opposed to a location.
Within the studio, the photographer has easy access to camera gear, lighting, different backdrops, props, and technology needed for post-processing. Basically, everything required for a shoot is within arm’s reach when doing classic studio photography.
One can say that classic studio photography demands more initial material and preparation to set up. Having known that fact, below are the basic resources a studio needs to be operational:
From a linear perspective of a shoot, there has to be about 5-8 feet of space between the backdrop and a subject, and 12-20 feet between the subject and the camera. Add about a few feet of space for the subject to occupy, and you’re looking at a space that is at least 20 feet long, and wide enough to accommodate your backdrop and gear such as reflectors and lights. The space you are to consider could be a rented flat, or even a room or converted space in your home.
Since studio photography is different from location photography, there are specific cameras that work best for portraits. While some beginners start with mirrorless camera types, the best options still come from the DSLR family.
Basically, two types of lenses are employed in classic studio photography. A zoom lens is one that has a movable focal point or one that you can zoom in and out. On the contrary, a prime lens is one that is fixed and has a single focal point. Both are needed in portrait creation.
Make sure to get a good quality tripod stand to hold your camera and keep it steady. It does not need to be compact or lightweight since you won’t be carrying it around like you would on a location shoot. However, it has to be sturdy, adjustable, and with good carrying capacity.
Lights and strobes
This is one important aspect of lighting. Strobes deliver an instantaneous delivery of power to create a flash of light that is in sync with your camera. Apart from that flash, you will also need a continuous light source to illuminate an area you want to highlight.
Since you have your camera and your flash, you will need something that will sync the two devices to create a flash that is in sync with your camera. This is where a wireless trigger is most essential.
These can be different colored backdrops, hats, glasses, costumes, and accessories that might just come in handy at the time of the shoot. Sometimes a bit of variety or that little touch of accessorizing is all you need to level up your portrait.
A few helpful tips:
- Invest in good quality equipment. You might be tempted to buy extra cheap items when you start with studio photography, but that can backfire eventually. Investing in good quality equipment allows you to create quality images with ease, and the gadgets contribute to returns by giving you a longer service life.
- Don’t be afraid to experiment. There is so much to explore with studio photography like creating cinematic-like effects, single light set-up, and more. The more you venture out with these techniques, the better your skills and style will be.